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New President of India 2022
Indian presidential election 2022 to elect the 15th president of India, Bharatiya Janata Party candidate Draupadi Murmu is considered as the strongest candidate to become the next president of India.
Murmu is expected to win the contest because the BJP and its allies have enough support to push him to the top spot. As per Article 324 of the Constitution of India, the Election Commission of India is an authority responsible for conducting elections for the Office of President.
New President of India 2022 Result
The president of the country holds the highest elective office in the country. The president of the country is elected in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution as well as the Presidential Election Act, 1952. The term of office of the president is five years. According to Article 62 (1) of the Constitution of India “the election to fill the vacancy caused by the expiration of the term of office of the president shall be completed before the expiration of the term of office.”
As President Ram Nath Kovind’s current term ends on July 25, elections are being held on July 18. The last day of vote counting will be July 21, and the new president will take the oath on July 25. He will be the 15th president of India.
Yashwant Sinha, a former BJP leader who already held finance and External Affairs portfolios in the past, appeared the opposition candidate for the presidential election.
The president of India is the nominal head of state and Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces. The president of India is elected indirectly by the people through the representatives of the people.
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Related Constitutional Provisions:
- Article 54: Election of President
- Article 55: Manner of election of President.
- Article 56: Term of office of President
- Article 57: Eligibility for re-election.
- Article 58: Qualifications for election as President
- Article 59: Conditions of President’s office
- Article 60: Oath or affirmation by the President
Qualification to Become President
According to Article 58 of the Constitution –
(1) No person is eligible for election as president except him—
(A) is an Indian Citizen,
(B) have completed thirty-five years of age, and
(C) eligible for election as a member of the House of Commons.
(2) a person shall not be eligible for election as president if he holds a laba office under the Government of India or any state government or under any local or other authority subject to the control of either such government.
How President Gets Elected?
The president is elected by the electoral college consisting of Lok Sabha members, Rajya Sabha members as well as State Legislative Assembly members as well as UTs – Delhi and Puducherry.
It is important to note that nominated House members cannot vote in presidential elections.
The constitution secures voting by secret ballot. Cross-voting is allowed in presidential elections i.e. members are allowed to vote across party lines.
How is Voting Conducted?
In accordance with Article 55 (3) of the Constitution of India, presidential elections shall be held according to the system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote and voting in such elections shall be by secret ballot.
Members are supposed to list different candidates in order of preference.
Value of Votes
A Formula based on the population of each state is given in the Constitution for the determination of the vote value of an MLA or MP.
As per the ECI, the total number of elected MPs (1971 census) with the total number of elected seats in the state assembly being multiplied by 1,000, according to.
The total electoral college score was 10,86,431 votes. The value of each voter is determined. For each MP, the value is set at 708. According to PTI, the value of each MP’s vote may drop to 700 from 708 in this presidential poll due to the absence of a Legislative Assembly in Jammu and Kashmir
For the MLA, this value is determined by a formula involving the population of the state it represents (which is based on the 1971 census). Values vary by country.
How the Results Decided?
A candidate wins after he or she reaches “50 percent of the valid votes polled + 1” (quota) of the first preference votes that have been cast.